Clean Water Act (CWA), 1972

United States of America Current 1972

The Clean Water Act (CWA) establishes the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants into the waters of the United States and regulating quality standards for surface waters. The EPA implements pollution control programs such as setting wastewater standards for industry, sets water quality standards for all contaminants in surface waters and collects relevant data annually from state level agencies. The CWA makes it unlawful to discharge any pollutant from a point source into navigable waters, unless a permit is obtained.

Scope

Environmental

Industry sectors covered by the instrument

All/none specified

Organizations covered by the instrument

Large companies (listed & unlisted)

Issuer type

Environment

Type of instrument

Legislation

Mandatory or voluntary

Mandatory

The geographical scope

National/federal

Project Partners