The Clean Water Act (CWA) establishes the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants into the waters of the United States and regulating quality standards for surface waters. The EPA implements pollution control programs such as setting wastewater standards for industry, sets water quality standards for all contaminants in surface waters and collects relevant data annually from state level agencies. The CWA makes it unlawful to discharge any pollutant from a point source into navigable waters, unless a permit is obtained.
Industry sectors covered by the instrument
Organizations covered by the instrument
Large companies (listed & unlisted)
Type of instrument
Mandatory or voluntary
The geographical scope