The Waste Management and Public Cleansing Law (Waste Management Law) was established in 1970 along with other pollution-related laws by the Diet. It provides for fundamental systems for the treatment of wastes. It regulates the party that generates, stores or transports waste. It also requires the generator that emits a large quantity of waste to report the status of executing a waste management plan to the prefectural governors as specified by Ordinance of the Ministry of the Environment. The Law has undergone major revisions in 1976, 1991, 1997, 2000 and 2006 in response to societal changes. In 2006 it was for example revised to tighten treatment standards for wastes containing asbestos.
Industry sectors covered by the instrument
Organizations covered by the instrument
All organizations that emit a large quantity of waste
Type of instrument
Mandatory or voluntary
The geographical scope