The 1955 Irish Factories Act is a piece of legislation that sets out health and safety regulations for factories and workplaces in Ireland. The Act outlines specific requirements for employers, including the provision of adequate ventilation, lighting, and sanitary facilities. It also mandates regular inspections of machinery, safety equipment, and workplace conditions to ensure that they meet safety standards. The Act requires that employers provide training and education for their employees on safety measures and procedures, as well as first aid training and facilities. It also sets out rules for the handling and storage of dangerous substances and materials. Additionally, the Act establishes the role of inspectors, who are responsible for enforcing the regulations and ensuring compliance with the law. The inspectors have the power to enter factories and workplaces, conduct inspections, and issue orders and notices to ensure compliance with the Act.